Evolution of programming languages
Programming is fun. It is always great to make computers accomplish tasks and do calculations by writing a program. Watching our program gets executed brings in a lot of satisfaction. Peace!
But, all of this wasn’t a day’s work. Believe it or not, it has been more than 200 years since programming came into existence. Though the 200-year-old wasn’t technically a programming language since it was devoid of calculations and logic, it ideally sowed the seeds of the programming language. In 1842, Ada Lovelace invented a machine algorithm for Charles Babbage’s Analytical machine, forming the basis of the world’s first programming language
In 1955, FORmula TRANslator(FORTRAN), the first-ever modern programming language came into existence. COBOL(COmmon Business-Oriented Language), ALGOL(Algorithmic Language) also came up, from which many of today’s modern programming languages have been derived.
In 1964, the students at Dartmouth College invented BASIC, a language for those without strong mathematical knowledge. It was then re-written by Bill Gates and Paul Allen which later on became the first product of Microsoft.
In 1969, the revolutionary C programming language was invented by Dennis Ritchie. It was powerful and efficient. Hence, Unix was rewritten in C, becoming the first Operating System (OS) to be written in a language other than an assembly language. Today Linux, Microsoft Windows, Mac OS are mostly written in C.
In 1970, PASCAL was developed by Blaise Pascal. It came out as another promising programming language that is used for structured programming.
In 1983, one of the best ever and revolutionary programming languages, C++ was introduced. It was a revamped version of the C programming language. Object-Oriented Programming made C++ one of the most popular programming languages. Still, many learn and get hold of basic C++ concepts before learning modern programming languages.
In the period between 1981 to 1990, Matlab, PERL, FoxPro were introduced. They created a significant impact and are still used today.
In 1991, Python was developed by Guido Van Rossum. It gained huge attention among the Novice Programmers due to its simplicity. It was devoid of semicolon errors. Today, Python is widely used in modern and prominent fields like Machine Learning, Data Analysis, Artificial Intelligence, Web development, Internet Of Things, etc. and Python developers are well paid.
Later on, many other programming languages came into existence during the 21st century. The above list contains most of the best and impactful languages. Few other languages were also introduced during that period. Here is a roadmap of the evolution and history of the programming languages.